Why does copper need our bodies?

An organism is a complex system. And for her well-coordinated work requires a lot of nutrients. For example, copper is not just a metal, but an important element that performs several functions. Find out what it is for, what products it contains.

Important features

The body of an adult healthy person contains approximately 100-200 milligrams of copper, which is concentrated in the muscle and bone tissues, brain, kidneys, heart and liver. This element is very important and helps the body and all its systems and organs to function properly.

What is copper needed in the human body? It performs many functions:

  • Taking part in the blood formation processes, namely the timely production of white blood cells and red blood cells in the right amount.
  • Copper helps the body synthesize several important enzymes, such as tyrosinase, ascorbinase and others. Also, the element is needed for the formation of some catalysts: melanin is responsible for the pigmentation of the skin and hair,Histaminase controls the production of histamine, superoxide dismutase has antioxidant activity and has anti-inflammatory effects on body tissues.
  • Copper is involved in the synthesis of elastin and collagen, responsible for the elasticity of the skin.
  • This element is necessary for the formation and normalization of the structure of connective, epithelial and bone tissues.
  • Copper can enhance the activity of some important hormones and normalize the functioning of the endocrine system. It is especially useful for women, as it helps to maintain normal hormones and prevent its malfunctions.
  • The element helps to strengthen the vascular walls and reduce their fragility, protecting them from deformation and damage.
  • Copper is involved in neutralizing the harmful activity of free radicals.
  • Normalization of the immune system and enhancement of the natural protective barrier of the human body.
  • Copper provides a complete exchange of iron and with it and ascorbic acid is involved in the synthesis of hemoglobin and the transport of oxygen with blood.
  • Participation in many metabolic processes taking place in the body.
  • Positive effect on the functioning of the endocrine glands.
  • Copper allows you to control energy consumption and saturate it with all the cells of the body.

Need

The rate of copper per day for adult women and men is 1-2 milligrams. During periods of breastfeeding and pregnancy, the need is increased to 2-2.5 mg. Small children need 0.8-1 mg. At the age of four years to six, the rate increases to one and a half milligrams, from 7 to 12 to 2 mg, and in the period of active growth and sexual development it is necessary to receive from 2.5 milligrams to 3.

The need for copper may increase in some cases, for example, with alcohol abuse, reduced immunity or past infectious diseases, inflammatory processes, anemia and increased physical exertion.

Deficiency

Copper deficiency is rare, and it can be associated with such disorders and conditions as insufficient production of certain enzymes, copper intake from food in small quantities, anemia, intestinal diseases that absorb the element, early introduction of complementary foods with cow's milk (children under one year of age). ),some metabolic disorders, long-term use of antibacterial agents, antacids, and also hormones (glucocorticosteroids).

The main signs of copper deficiency include the following:

  • changes in blood composition (decrease in hemoglobin level, decrease in the number of leukocytes and neutrophils);
  • decrease in density and increase in fragility of bones;
  • lightening hair and skin pigmentation disorders (light areas);
  • the development of allergic reactions and dermatological diseases;
  • decreased immunity and frequent colds associated with it;
  • slowing of puberty in adolescence;
  • impaired respiratory function;
  • development of diseases of the respiratory system, such as bronchitis, asthma;
  • increased fragility of blood vessels, their deformation;
  • decreased performance, fatigue.

Excess

An excess of copper is rare and is due to excessive intake of such an element into the body, poisoning with drugs or chemicals containing it, as well as metabolic disorders that cause improper absorption of copper or its processing.

Symptoms of excess copper:

  • memory impairment, decreased concentration;
  • depression, apathy, depression;
  • sleep problems, such as insomnia or shallow, intermittent sleep;
  • irritability, nervousness;
  • pain in the joints or muscles;
  • irritation of the mucous membranes;
  • digestive disorders;
  • problems in the liver or kidneys;
  • manifestations of atherosclerosis;
  • the development of allergic reactions or skin diseases such as neurodermatitis, urticaria, eczema, dermatitis.

How to replenish stocks?

Copper is found in foods such as:

  • meat: lamb, beef, pork;
  • bird; goose, pheasant, duck;
  • offal, especially liver;
  • seafood: squids, oysters, scallops, crabs, lobsters, lobsters, shrimps, snails;
  • fish, especially sea;
  • beans, such as peas;
  • mushrooms;
  • nuts;
  • cocoa;
  • cereals, in particular buckwheat, millet and oat;
  • mineral water;
  • soy products;
  • vegetables, such as potatoes, carrots;
  • greens: dill, spinach, parsley;
  • dried fruits, especially prunes;
  • berries: mountain ash, blackberries, raspberries, wild rose, strawberries, cranberries;
  • fruits, especially pears, avocados, pineapples.

For your body to work properly, ensure sufficient intake of copper and monitor your diet.

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