Why do teeth turn black?
Blackening of the teeth is not only an unpleasant defect that spoils the appearance, but also often a signal of health problems. The reasons for this problem are very different, but if you find out and eliminate them, you can return the normal color and avoid negative consequences.
Why do our teeth turn black? The reasons are very diverse, and there are quite a few of them:
- Caries is perhaps the most common cause of tooth blackening in people of all ages. And not necessarily "holes" should be present outside, sometimes the tissues are affected from the inside, which looks like darkening of the enamel.
- Features food: frequent use of strong black coffee or tea, as well as dark berries (blueberries, blackberries, black currants). In addition, sweets provoke the multiplication of bacteria, the activity of which leads to caries.
- Insufficient oral hygiene. With a rare or insufficiently intensive brushing of the teeth, dark scurf gradually forms on the enamel, which then hardens and forms stones.
- Alcohol abuse. Alcohol, first, helps to reduce the concentration of calcium in the body and the destruction of teeth, and secondly,changes the acidity of the oral cavity and accelerates the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.
- Smoking. Nicotine, tar and other substances contained in cigarettes are deposited on the enamel, form plaque and contribute to darkening and yellowing.
- Use of narcotic substances. Synthetic drugs literally destroy all body tissues, including bone-forming teeth.
- Chronic diseases: liver, spleen, stomach, endocrine system. Such diseases disrupt the metabolism, impair nutrient absorption and change the acidity of the oral cavity.
- Acute infections.
- Heavy metal poisoning. When working at steel mills, couples and small particles of metals are deposited on the tooth enamel by bloom, and also accumulate in the body and penetrate into all its tissues.
- Acceptance of some medications, such as tetracycline antibiotics and iron supplements.
- Failed dental treatment: damage to their internal tissues, installation of low-quality fillings (with metal impurities), non-compliance with therapy technology. Also the teeth darken after the removal of the nerves,responsible for supplying tissues with nutrients and oxygen.
- Fluorosis is an overabundance in the human body of fluoride from food or polluted air. The state appears as spots or stripes of dark color on the enamel.
- Teeth injury. With mechanical damage, the integrity of nerves and blood vessels is disturbed, tissue necrosis begins, which contributes to blackening.
Blackening of teeth in children
Separately, you should write about the symptom that occurs in a child, since nature may be different. The reasons are as follows:
- Poor hygiene. Small children brush their teeth insufficiently carefully or forget to carry out such procedures regularly. Also darkening provokes frequent use of toothpastes with a high fluorine content.
- Intestinal dysbacteriosis, in which the microflora of the oral cavity is disturbed, and in it creates a favorable environment for the rapid reproduction of bacteria that cause caries.
- Frequent night feedings. Breast milk and mixtures contain milk sugar of lactose, which promotes the multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms and the development of caries (after all, you can not clean the teeth after each meal at night).
- The first milk teeth may darken if the mother of the baby took antibacterial drugs (tetracyclines) during pregnancy.
- The abuse of sweets, which are very fond of all the kids.
- The so-called Priestley plaque, which is formed due to the vital activity of conditionally pathogenic bacteria, which enter the microflora of the oral cavity of a healthy child. As the milk teeth grow and change, the plaque gradually disappears.
- Unbalanced diet: lack of calcium, excess fluoride in foods.
How to solve a problem?
What to do when blackening teeth? First of all, look for and eliminate the causes of the symptom, because the only way you do not just lighten the enamel, but also avoid darkening and destruction in the future. Complete a survey, review the diet and lifestyle, cure existing diseases or cure exacerbations. After dental injuries or unsuccessful treatment, contact an experienced dentist who can correct the consequences and stop the pathological processes. And to clarify the already darkened enamel will help proven methods.
There are several techniques used in dental clinics for clarifying tooth enamel. Modern and effective are:
- "Ail Flow".For cleaning, a specialized sodo-jet apparatus is used, which, under pressure, soda solution is directed at the enamel. You can remove loose and not very hard plaque, and only in accessible places. And to maintain the results obtained, the procedures are carried out once every six months.
- Ultrasonic cleaning is effective even with the long-established dental plaque that hardened on any surface. Components are literally crushed by ultrasonic waves, and the effect lasts for 1-5 years, if you do not affect the enamel coloring substances. The procedures are completely painless.
- Laser cleaning is shown at very dense and old scurf. The laser effectively copes with it, without affecting the enamel. You can enjoy the whiteness for a long time - up to five or seven years (if you follow the hygiene and rules of nutrition).
There are folk remedies that help lighten the enamel:
- Combine a teaspoon of baking soda and 3% hydrogen peroxide, with this mixture, carefully wipe the surface of the teeth with a cotton pad, then rinse your mouth with clean warm water. Such home cleansing is carried out no more than once a week.
- Interpret equal amounts of burdock root and pre-ground bean bean pelts. Fill the raw material with boiling water (two glasses for 20 g), draw for three hours, filter and take one-third of the glass three times a day.
- Mix sea salt with dry sage leaves, lay the mixture on the foil and dry in the oven for 20 minutes at 170 degrees. Grind raw materials and use for brushing your teeth a couple of times a week.
So that the teeth do not blacken strongly and remain light, follow the rules of prevention:
- Do not forget about oral hygiene.
- Avoid dyeing products.
- Refuse all bad habits.
- Regularly undergo routine examinations and timely treat detectable diseases.
- Choose high-quality toothpastes with whitening ingredients and a moderate fluoride content.
- Every six months, regularly visit the dentist for prevention.
- To prevent blackening of the child, brush the very first teeth, from an early age teach hygiene, pick up children's pastes and watch the baby's nutrition.
If the teeth began to turn black, it is a reason to sound the alarm, look for causes and consult a doctor. But the problem is solved.
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