Thyroid Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment


Symptoms of thyroid cancer


In the early stages, as a rule, thyroid cancer is completely asymptomatic. The patient may not even realize that he is already very seriously ill. Only in the third and fourth stages are the main symptoms of a malignant neoplasm pain in the neck, hoarseness, shortness of breath. When performing palpation of the thyroid gland is enlarged. Medullary cancer is the most malignant form. Metastases quickly affect not only nearby, but also distant organs.


Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer


For the diagnosis of the patient conduct cytology, radioisotope scanning, arteriography. Ultrasound diagnosis is recommended to assess the condition of the entire thyroid gland. The method of fine-needle aspiration biopsy is considered essential for the most accurate diagnosis. Express histopathological examination is carried out in doubtful cases.If there is a suspicion of distant metastases, additional radiography will be required.




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