Causes of frequent palpitations
Today, few people can boast of perfect health. But some symptoms should be alarming, because they can be dangerous! And what to do if heartbeat quickens? What can it talk about?
What's happening? How to understand that something is wrong?
Our heart beats constantly. In normal condition, it makes an average of 60-90 beats per minute. In general, the heartbeat is the contractile movement of the heart muscle, which allows blood to be pumped and distributed throughout the body.
A rapid pulse can affect a person’s condition, although in some cases the changes remain unnoticeable. If the heartbeat is raised significantly, then the heart can beat so fast that sometimes it seems that it is about to “jump out” of the chest. But even if you do not feel anything, and the symptoms are absent, it is useful to check your pulse.
To do this, place your hand on the carotid artery (it runs behind the thyroid cartilage, in the place where the adolescent is in men) or on the wrist (about 5 centimeters below the base of the thumb).Take a stopwatch or a clock with a second hand, mark the minute and start measuring the pulse. If it exceeds 90 strokes, it is worth to see the doctor.
When is this normal?
There are several factors that, in the absence of diseases, can lead to an increase in heart rate. We list them:
- Physical exercise. If you take a walk with a quick step or climb the stairs, then the pulse will certainly increase.
- Stress, anxiety, excitement. The heart muscle responds to the production of adrenaline, which is formed in extreme conditions.
- The reception of drinks containing a large amount of caffeine or other substances: black tea, coffee, energy drinks, Coca-Cola.
- Indigestion. This may seem strange, but, for example, when abdominal distention occurs, the diaphragm rises and begins to squeeze the heart, which in turn reacts with increased heartbeat.
- Lack of air. The lack of oxygen causes the heart to work in an accelerated manner to compensate for the deficiency.
- Taking certain medications can also provoke a quickening of the pulse.Surprisingly, even vasoconstrictive drops that are applied continuously and in large quantities from the common cold can affect the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
What are some of the reasons why heartbeat can increase?
What to do if you feel a frequent heartbeat? First of all, it is worth to find out, because of what happens.
We list the main causes of this symptom:
- Changes in blood pressure. As a rule, the pulse speeds up at an elevated pressure, due to the fact that the vessels narrow and the blood flow to the heart increases, which causes the muscle to work in an accelerated mode. But if the pressure is lowered, then such a symptom can also be manifested. In this case, the blood flow, on the contrary, is too weak, and the heart tries to compensate for this in order to ensure normal blood circulation.
- Some diseases of the cardiovascular system, for example, heart failure, ischemic disease, myocarditis, heart defects and many others.
- Infectious diseases, especially accompanied by fever or fever. It has been proven that a one degree increase in temperature provokes an increase in heart rate of 10 beats per minute. So often the symptom is noted for colds, flu and other infections.
- Anemia can also trigger an increase in pulse rate, as with this disease there is a lack of oxygen in the blood, which, as already noted, the heart will try to fill.
- Poisoning or exposure to certain substances. Even with large amounts of nicotine entering the body, the pulse can noticeably increase in frequency.
- With alcohol abuse, the heart also suffers and is forced to work literally for wear.
- With bleeding (including internal), the heart rate will also increase.
- When purulent and other inflammatory processes, the pulse can also be speeded up.
- In some cases, increased heart rate is a symptom of tumors or cancer.
- Avitaminosis. For example, with a lack of calcium or magnesium, there can be an increase in the pulse periodically. Lack of necessary for normal work of the heart muscle potassium, too, will certainly affect the functioning of the heart.
- Excess body weight. Great weight is a huge burden for the whole body and, of course, for vessels and the heart. That is why often people with obesity constantly complain of increased heart rate.
- Some endocrine diseases or disorders often make themselves known by a number of uncharacteristic signs, including rapid heartbeat. This happens with hyperthyroidism (increased production of thyroid hormones), as well as during menopause in women.
Heart palpitations in pregnant women
During pregnancy, increased heart rate in most cases is quite normal, due to the influence of a number of factors. Among these factors are the following:
- The increase in circulating blood volume (the heart needs to cope with this, so the contractions become more frequent).
- The action of certain hormones produced during pregnancy.
- Weight gain.
- Lack of some substances.
As a rule, attacks in future mothers are not too frequent, but they occur periodically. But exceeding the norm by 25 or more beats per minute should be alerted.
Pulse in children
If an adult person is considered to be a normal pulse, equal to 60-90 beats per minute, then the child's rate will be different. For example, in the first year of life, the heart contracts with a frequency of 120-140 beats.
At the age of five such a value will be approximately 90-100 strokes.It is important to remember that all children are active and mobile, in addition, the body is constantly growing, its needs are changing. The heart must certainly respond to all this.
When to sound the alarm? Here are some warning signs:
- An attack occurs without reason, suddenly and abruptly. The ending is also sharp.
- You feel strong tremors in the chest, squeezing, pain, burning or discomfort.
- There is a strong weakness.
- Shortness of breath, rapid or shallow breathing.
- Dizziness, fainting.
- Increased heart rate up to 150-200 beats per minute.
- Darkening of the eyes, loss of consciousness or confusion.
Is it dangerous?
If you often notice an increase in pulse rate that is not related to external or internal factors of influence, consult a doctor. Diagnosis and treatment are required, because, firstly, a symptom can signal serious problems, and secondly, frequent reductions can lead to dire consequences. For example, there is a risk of blood clot, stroke, pulmonary edema, and even cardiac arrest. Do not hesitate, fix problems immediately.
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